Known as the “queen of textiles,” silk rules the shine, sensuality, and beauty of the textile world. Silk has been around for over 4,500 years. With a share of roughly 18% in global production, India ranks second in the production of silk. Identifying the first person will be intriguing.
The sari, an ethnic traditional garment worn in most of the country, is the center of the silk weaving heritage in India today. On certain occasions, Indian women dress in intricate and vibrant silk sarees. Silk sarees are the irresistible and unavoidable companion of Indian ladies due to its vivid colors, light weight, tenacity, and superb drape, among other qualities.
Indian silk is popular all over the world with its variety of designs, weaves and patterns.
Check out the latest collections of sarees online in India.
How are silk sarees manufactured?
The protein fiber known as silk, which is one of the oldest known fibers, is created by the silkworm by spinning around its cocoon. The diagram below depicts the complete process, starting with the eggs and continuing until the worms are fully developed and cocoons are made. The caterpillars who spin the biggest cocoons were allowed to transform into moths by the silk producers. The eggs were laid by the moths, who later produced more caterpillars that spun larger cocoons. The size of the cocoon has grown with time, and silkworm cocoons are now significantly larger than those of other caterpillars (see picture). One cocoon may produce at least half a mile of continuous thread.
The colored liquid is then applied to the silk strands, which are ultimately used to create the vibrant silk saree. Chinese people are the ones who first began producing silk sarees. Scientists have identified roughly 70 silk moth species that have some economic worth out of the many kinds of silk moths. Mulberry silk, Tasar or Oak Tasar silk, Muga silk, and Eri silk are the four commercially recognized kinds of natural silk.
Although the tamed silk moth Bombyx Mori produces the majority of the world’s silk, other types of silk are known as “wild silk” because they are developed in isolated forest trees under natural conditions.
comes from the mulberry plant-eating silk worm “Bombyx mori.” Indian states Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Jammu & Kashmir are the top producers of mulberry silk.
The Endi or Errandi silk is thick, warm, silky, uncommon, and exceptionally long-lasting. Eri silk is mostly produced in India. In Assam and other eastern regions of India, it is grown. It can also be found in West Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar. Philosamia ricini, which feeds mostly on castor leaves, produces eri silk.
The pride of Assam is distinguished by its original golden yellow color that shimmers. It is made from Antheraea assamensis, a semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm. The fragrant leaves of the Som and Soalu plants are a source of food for these silkworms. Sarees, mekhalas, chaddars, and other high-end items are made from muga silk, a premium material.
One of the major centers for silk weaving in India is Banaras. The types of Banaras saris include Amru silk, Jamvar, Navarangi, Jamdani, etc. Amru Silk brocades with a rich pallu of blossoming plants or the flowering mango design are especially well-known.
Maharashtra is well-known for its Paithani Silk saris, which typically include a motif of gold dots, and Kosa Silk from the Bhandara area.
Gujarat’s pride, patola silk, is renowned for its vivid colors and geometric patterns with traditional motifs.
Chanderi, Maheshwari, and Tussar silk saris are well-known in Madhya Pradesh. The contrasting colors and depictions of both human and animal motifs on these saris make them unique.
Every Indian woman has a fondness for sarees. The place where the silk sarees were waived is where the silk sarees in Tamil Nadu received their name. Like aarani, thirubuvanam, kancheepuram, etc., but nowadays people seek out an increasing number of variants. This led to the introduction of new designs in silk sarees by the vendors, who gave them names like vasthirakala, parampara, samuthriga, vivaha, bridal seven, etc. The majority of them are classic silk sarees with additional stone work or vibrant embroidery.
Silk is used to make a variety of clothes for both men and women, including sarees, salwars, scarves, dhotis, turbans, shawls, and lehengas. Silk is also used to make quilts, bedcovers, cushions, tablecloths, and curtains. In essence, Indian culture and existence have merged with those of silk.